|GDP (2012 est.)||$2.486 trillion (2012 est.)|
|Currency & Exchange Rate||Russian rubles (RUB) per US dollar 30.84|
Bashneft, Gazprom Neft, Lukoil, Rosneft, Russneft, Sibir Energy, Surgutneftegas, Tatneft, Nigaz.
Mamontovskoye, Russkoye, Kamennoe, Vankor, Vatyeganskoye, Tevlinsko-Russkinskoye, Sutorminskoye, Urengoy group, Ust-Balykskoe, Tuymazinskoe, Arlanskoye, South-Hilchuy, North-Dolginskoye, Nizhne-Chutinskoe, South-Dolginskoye, Prirazlomnoye, West-Matveevskoye, Sakhalin Islands, Odoptu, Arukutun-Dagi, Piltun-Astokhskoye, Ayash East-Odoptu, Verhne-Chonskoye, Talakan, North-Caucasus Basin.
Residential taxation: foreigners taxed on local income; residents taxed on local and overseas income.
|Crude oil - production(bbl/day)||10,400,000|
|Crude oil - exports(bbl/day)||4,690,000|
|Crude oil - imports(bbl/day)||16,380|
|Crude oil - proved reserves(bbl)||80,000,000,000|
|Refined petroleum products - production(bbl/day)||4,812,000|
|Refined petroleum products - consumption(bbl/day)||3,341,000|
|Natural gas - production(cu m)||673,200,000,000|
|Natural gas - proved reserves(cu m)||47,800,000,000,000|
Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.
North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean.
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