Power & Electricity

Introduction

Power production involves diversified sources and multiple processes from different natural resources to guarantee consistent global electricity. Power plants are run on Combustible Fuels (coal / gas), Nuclear, Hydropower, Renewables (such as Geothermal, Wind and Solar), Petroleum, Biomass. CCL Global’s high specialised recruiters are experts of each discipline of the Power sector.

Main US Power Plants

Plant Bowen is a coal-fired power station located just outside Euharlee, Georgia, United States, approximately 8.7 mi (14 km) west-south-west from Cartersville. At 3,499 megawatts, Plant Bowen has the largest generating capacity of any coal-fired power plant in North America since the partial shutdown of Ontario Power Generation's Nanticoke Generating Station in Canada. Plant Bowen ranked third in the nation for net generation in 2006 producing over 22,630,000 MWh.

Midland Cogeneration Venture: natural gas plant in Midland, Michigan. Started in 1991, it was the largest gas-fired steam recovery power plant in the world. Today produces up to 1,560 Megawatts.

Chief Joseph, the largest river hydroelectric power station with 2,620 MW.

Grand Coulee Dam: hydroelectric plant on Columbia River is the main hydropower plant in the United States with 20.24 TWh per year.

Electricity Production in US

In 2014, the United States generated about 4,093 billion KW. About 67% of the electricity generated was from fossil fuels: 30% coal and 27% natural gas. Although burnt Coal is still the main source of power generation in the US, in recent years, 2000-2012, it decreased from 52% to 37%, paving the way to natural gas. With a slight 2% gain in the last 2 years, coal is set to steadily decrease reaching 32% in 2040. Increasingly more trusted as TWh generator, natural gas produces 27% of the whole TWh in the US, generating a positive forecast of 30% in 2040. Also, Renewables are generating great expectations: their current 13% will grwo +3% by 2040.

Main Power Stations in EU

Gundremmingen: the largest nuclear power plant in Germany with a yearly production of 2.1344 MW, owned by RWE and E.ON.

Grohnde: one of the largest Nuclear Power plants in Germany with an output of 10,996 GWh, run by E.ON.

Jänschwalde: a coal power station with installed capacity of 3,000 MW owned by Vattenfall Europe.

Gravelines: a nuclear plant with an installed net capacity of 5,460MW and a gross capacity of 5,706MW, the largest in the European Union and currently ranking as the sixth world’s largest nuclear power.

Electricity Production in EU

The European Union is the third global supplier of Electricity with 3,166,000 TWh produced in 2014, though production decreased in 2014 by 2.9% compared to 2013. Fossil fuels cover 48% of total MW generated power in the Union, but Nuclear is a big slice of the energy pie chart at 27.6%. The heart of European electricity is Germany, which produced 19.2 % of the total EU-28 power in 2013.

Main Power Plants in China

Three Gorges Dam: currently the largest hydroelectric power station, and the largest power producing body ever built, at 22,500 MW.

Huaneng Power: 203.5 billion kWh from its domestic plants in 2009.

Datang Power: 141.9 billion kWh, 12% up on 2008.

Huadian Power: produced 107.5 billion kWh, 6.75% above 2008. CPI Development produced 43.9 billion kWh, 2.0% above 2008 level.

Electricity Production in China

China became the world's largest power generator in 2011 overstepping US. In 2014 total Electricity production reached 5.65 trillion kWh, 25% more electricity output than US. Total consumption in 2014 has been 5.523 trillion kWh as a result of diversified sources: Coal (63%) and hydropower (22%) are the main sources of total electricity production in China, but also Wind generated power has space in the energy spectrum with 6% of electricity. Though Nuclear in 2014 accounted for 2.4% of total Chinese power production, the country is currently looking to build new reactors with domestic and export outlook.

World’s Largest Power Plants by Source

Coal: Taichung plant in TAIWAN produces 5,500 MWe

Gas: Surgut-2 Power Station in Russia produces 5,600 MW.

Nuclear: Kashiwazaki-Kariwa in Japan generates 8,212 MW. It is also the fifth largest power plant in the world.

Hydro: The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River in China. It generates 22,500 MW.

Oil: The largest oil shale-fired power plant is the 1,615 MW Eesti power plant in Estonia.

Biofuel: The largest biofuel plant is the Tilbury-B in the United Kingdom, which has a nameplate capacity of 750 MW.

Global Figures

Production: Coal-fired power plants still account for the majority of power generation across the globe, producing 40% of global electricity. The second largest slice of the pie chart of world electricity production is filled by Natural Gas (22%), followed by Hydro (17%), Nuclear (11%), Oil (5%), Renewables and others (5.0%) – (Figures IEA - 2014). Total electricity production in 2014 was 22433twh.

Consumption: While electricity lights our homes and cities every day, residential consumption only accounts for 27% compared to the 42% from industry. Commercial and public services account for 23%, while low percentages are left for transport, agriculture / fishing and other sectors with an average of 3% each.

Trends, Transitions, the future of coal, and CCL

High level of toxic emission CO2 make coal the enemy of the environment. New government regulations limiting toxic carbon emission are pushing the energy market to diversify sources and production processes, enhancing new technologies and flexible usage of existing facilities using diversified sources. China, the main global coal derived power producer, is facing the ‘The Clean Power Plan’ dilemma, as to how to put in place a plan to cut carbon dioxide emissions from power plants by 30% by 2030. Even if the use of Renewables for power generation is growing, coal will still burn for the at least one century: global estimated reserves amount to 892bln tonnes. Drax power station in Yorkshire, UK, for example, is undergoing a transition to integrate sustainable biomass, producing 8% of UK power.

In the same way that traditional power sources are transferring from hydrocarbon, skills that CCL has been identifying and seconding to projects for over 35 years are highly transferrable to other sources of Power. Please contact us today to discuss our amazing catalogue of Engineers and Projct Professionals.

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