|GDP (2012 est.)||$228.7 billion (2012 est.)|
|Currency & Exchange Rate||tenge (KZT) per US dollar 149.11|
Tengiz, Karachaganak, Kashagan, Kurmangazy, Darkhan, Zhanazhol, Uzen, Kalamkas, Zhetybay, Nursultan.
Residential taxation: foreigners taxed on local income; residents taxed on local and overseas income.
|Crude oil - production(bbl/day)||1,606,000|
|Crude oil - exports(bbl/day)||1,406,000|
|Crude oil - imports(bbl/day)||119,600|
|Crude oil - proved reserves(bbl)||30,000,000,000|
|Refined petroleum products - production(bbl/day)||288,600|
|Refined petroleum products - consumption(bbl/day)||244,200|
|Natural gas - production(cu m)||20,200,000,000|
|Natural gas - proved reserves(cu m)||2,407,000,000,000|
Continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid.
Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in eastern-most Europe.
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